09
2019
01

c# word 操作系列之C# 根据Word模版生成Word文件

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using Word = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word;
using System.IO;
 
namespace Headfree.DefUI
{
    public class WordUtility
    {
        private object tempFile = null;
        private object saveFile = null;
        private static Word._Document wDoc = null; //word文档
        private static Word._Application wApp = null; //word进程
        private object missing = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
 
        public WordUtility(string tempFile, string saveFile)
        {
            this.tempFile = Path.Combine(Application.StartupPath, @tempFile);
            this.saveFile = Path.Combine(Application.StartupPath, @saveFile);
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 模版包含头部信息和表格,表格重复使用
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dt">重复表格的数据</param>
        /// <param name="expPairColumn">word中要替换的表达式和表格字段的对应关系</param>
        /// <param name="simpleExpPairValue">简单的非重复型数据</param>
        public bool GenerateWord(DataTable dt, Dictionary<string, string> expPairColumn, Dictionary<string, string> simpleExpPairValue)
        {
            if (!File.Exists(tempFile.ToString()))
            {
                MessageBox.Show(string.Format("{0}模版文件不存在,请先设置模版文件。", tempFile.ToString()));
                return false;
            }
            try
            {
                wApp = new Word.Application();
 
                wApp.Visible = false;
 
                wDoc = wApp.Documents.Add(ref tempFile, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing);
 
                wDoc.Activate();// 当前文档置前
 
                bool isGenerate = false;
 
                if (simpleExpPairValue != null && simpleExpPairValue.Count > 0)
                    isGenerate = ReplaceAllRang(simpleExpPairValue);
 
                // 表格有重复
                if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count > 0 && expPairColumn != null && expPairColumn.Count > 0)
                    isGenerate = GenerateTable(dt, expPairColumn);
 
                if (isGenerate)
                    wDoc.SaveAs(ref saveFile, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                        ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing);
 
                DisposeWord();
 
                return true;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("生成失败" + ex.Message);
                return false;
            }
        }
 
        /// <summary>
        /// 单个替换 模版没有重复使用的表格
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dc">要替换的</param>
        public bool GenerateWord(Dictionary<string, string> dc)
        {
            return GenerateWord(null, null, dc);
        }
 
 
        private bool GenerateTable(DataTable dt, Dictionary<string, string> expPairColumn)
        {
            try
            {
                int tableNums = dt.Rows.Count;
 
                Word.Table tb = wDoc.Tables[1];
 
                tb.Range.Copy();
 
                Dictionary<string, object> dc = new Dictionary<string, object>();
                for (int i = 0; i < tableNums; i++)
                {
                    dc.Clear();
 
                    if (i == 0)
                    {
                        foreach (string key in expPairColumn.Keys)
                        {
                            string column = expPairColumn[key];
                            object value = null;
                            value = dt.Rows[i][column];
                            dc.Add(key, value);
                        }
 
                        ReplaceTableRang(wDoc.Tables[1], dc);
                        continue;
                    }
 
                    wDoc.Paragraphs.Last.Range.Paste();
 
                    foreach (string key in expPairColumn.Keys)
                    {
                        string column = expPairColumn[key];
                        object value = null;
                        value = dt.Rows[i][column];
                        dc.Add(key, value);
                    }
 
                    ReplaceTableRang(wDoc.Tables[1], dc);
                }
 
 
                return true;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                DisposeWord();
                MessageBox.Show("生成模版里的表格失败。" + ex.Message);
                return false;
            }
        }
 
        private bool ReplaceTableRang(Word.Table table, Dictionary<string, object> dc)
        {
            try
            {
                object replaceArea = Word.WdReplace.wdReplaceAll;
 
                foreach (string item in dc.Keys)
                {
                    object replaceKey = item;
                    object replaceValue = dc[item];
                    table.Range.Find.Execute(ref replaceKey, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                      ref  missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                      ref  replaceValue, ref replaceArea, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                      ref  missing);
                }
                return true;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                DisposeWord();
                MessageBox.Show(string.Format("{0}模版中没有找到指定的要替换的表达式。{1}", tempFile, ex.Message));
                return false;
            }
        }
 
        private bool ReplaceAllRang(Dictionary<string, string> dc)
        {
            try
            {
                object replaceArea = Word.WdReplace.wdReplaceAll;
 
                foreach (string item in dc.Keys)
                {
                    object replaceKey = item;
                    object replaceValue = dc[item];
                    wApp.Selection.Find.Execute(ref replaceKey, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                      ref  missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                      ref  replaceValue, ref replaceArea, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing,
                      ref  missing);
                }
                return true;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(string.Format("{0}模版中没有找到指定的要替换的表达式。{1}", tempFile, ex.Message));
                return false;
            }
        }
 
        private void DisposeWord()
        {
            object saveOption = Word.WdSaveOptions.wdSaveChanges;
 
            wDoc.Close(ref saveOption, ref missing, ref missing);
 
            saveOption = Word.WdSaveOptions.wdDoNotSaveChanges;
 
            wApp.Quit(ref saveOption, ref missing, ref missing); //关闭Word进程
        }
    }
}


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